Pratt ware: The jug is assembled using a small bulbous
jug in keeping with an early 19th century example and
seems not to have the noticeable shrinkage to the upper
arms. The way the coloured glaze has been applied resembles
nothing of the subtlety of an early Pratt ware example.
The colours appear on top of the glaze, the waistcoat
of royal blue is not a colour you would associate with
Enamel: This jug is also well constructed but has a small
jug on the left knee with the word ALE on it, again there
is little shrinkage to the upper arms. The enamel colour
decoration is harshly painted showing crude brush strokes
on the coat, the colours are similar to early 20th century
Kent wares. There seems to have been two attempted firings
to enamel brown decoration on the hat which is incomplete.
When looking at the larger hat photographs it seems possible
that the jug was originally white and a crude attempt
has been made to colour it at some later period.
Running glaze: These jugs can be quite crude with the
various mould definition and glaze issues outlined in
previous paragraphs. The upper arm placements which are
now very small suggest that newly made arm moulds were
used. Taking a cast from an original piece would be 10%
smaller in size after firing. The inconsistent shrinkage
is probably unskilled workmanship in-line with the painting.
Dating these jugs is extremely difficult, they could
have been made at any time between 1820-1915. They all
have to be placed into the same category because of the
laces, leg ties and brush stroke decoration. It has been
suggested by a collector that these tobies were poorly
made in the 1820's but with the good quality potting techniques
used in the 19th century this seems unlikely. The inconsistent
detailing, noticeable shrinkage to the upper arm placements,
crude painting with modern type glaze colours, universal
fitting shaped hats should be enough to make the collector
Around the early part of the 20th century collecting
was popular with premium prices being realized for toby
jugs and figures. Pat Halfpenny thought some of the Astbury/Whieldon
type running glaze figures were produced at a later date
to satisfy the needs of serious early 20th century collectors....such
as Capt Price. These early figures were newly made copying
the style of earlier wares. Our long-face toby is more
likely to have been made from old moulds rediscovered
from an earlier period.
There are several other design model tobies with this
forced running glaze appearance using similar colours,
which the collector must be aware of when trying to achieve
an early period toby collection. These colourful later
toby jugs are still nice to collect but cannot be placed
in the same category as jugs from the early running glaze
Ralph Wood 18th century period.
Photo's: archive, collectors and from the Internet used
for educational purpose.